In the last two decades, carbon pricing, carbon credit market and carbon finance have emerged as key tools to aid energy transition and climate actions. As of 2022, 73 direct carbon pricing instruments in the form of carbon taxes or Emission Trading Systems are in operation globally, covering 23% of global GHG emissions, and reaching revenue of US$95 billion in 2022. Additionally, there are others pricing initiative such as Voluntary Carbon Markets, Internal Carbon Prices and many others. Similarly, the scale of global carbon finance has reached 1.27 trillion US$ in 2021/22 and more is expected and needed as per global commitments in post-2020 world. Future developments will be key drivers for sustainable energy transition and climate actions too. These markets and finances are different from conventional pricing, markets, and finances. This course will prepare students interested in energy and climate change issues to understand carbon pricing and carbon crediting market and climate financing issues that governments, private sector, public and international financial institutions, and the UN and bilateral organizations are grappling with.

Solar energy is a clean, renewable resource that is cost competitive in terms of electricity generation, especially solar photovoltaics. It  does not require any fuel nor does it have any moving part. Thus, solar electricity generation requires little maintenance, promotes energy security, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, and promotes a sustainable energy future. Technically, solar PV systems help reduce peak loads, thus postponing or preventing the need for additional baseload energy generation and distribution infrastructure. Once popular with small scale solar home systems, it is now increasingly installed in large scale – both off grid and grid connected systems in land, roofs and water.

This course will help students understand the status of solar electricity systems (PV and thermal routes). The design principles, assumptions and constraints will be discussed in detail. Installation and performance of systems will be explained. Policy aspects and financial models for solar PV electricity will be discussed. Case studies will provide clearer illustration

The objective of this course is to present the status of energy access in rural and isolated communities, specifically, related to the provision of electricity for basic appliances (lighting, communication, recreation, etc.), for clean cooking, and to rural livelihood activities, such as agriculture and industries. This course will provide the knowledge to estimate the local energy resources; know about the technologies and their working principles for providing energy access; learn the targets and measures to attain the Sustainable Development Goal 7; and identify the social, economic and environmental benefits, and study the applications/impacts of energy access.

The course aims to equip students with in-depth knowledge about the fundamentals of the energy market, trade, demand and services. It is fundamental to understand why price continues to be a strong signal for managing energy demand and market. The discourse on demand and production now needs to be understood in the context of SDG 12, which addresses the question of sustainable production and consumption. So the course aims to cover the non-price incentives that can influence demand and why they are needed along with price incentives. It aims to cover the most recent trend in agent-based models, how to model the preferences of various socio-economic categories: households, industries, transport/mobility.

This course is intended to provide a fundamental understanding of energy systems and emerging issues in energy access, technologies, economics, market and policies for students. The course is aimed to provide broader knowledge that surrounds the energy transition. Key systems covered here are power systems, rural and urban energy systems.

Course Objective: Energy consumption in cities accounts for over two third of the global final energy use and over seventy percent of energy-related CO2 emissions. With rising global urban population, cities serving as economic growth engine in developing world, and rising income, cities are already and will further play a critical role in sustainable energy transition at all scales. Cities are also front runners in technological, policies and governance experimentation with large opportunities to support sustainable energy transition. In this context, this course aims at imparting knowledge on past, present and future energy use in cities and options for sustainable energy transition in cities through analytical, accounting and modelling approaches. Energy use and emission diagnosis, hot-spots identification, options and pathways for the future are focus of this course.

Learning Outcomes: The student will be able to

·       Deliberate on the trends, patterns, and hotspots of energy use and GHG emissions in cities and the related policies and options at multiple scales

·       Quantify the past and present energy use in cities and related GHG emissions following established global protocols and frameworks

·       Develop future scenarios and models to evaluate the technological and policy options and pathways for sustainable urban energy transition.

This course is aimed to help students know how to conduct an energy audit, and how to apply engineering principles to analyze data for improving and optimizing system outputs. The students will learn about the status, trends and energy use of common appliances and processes, as well as the energy consumption of important sectors, namely, building, industry and transport. The course will address the importance of improving energy efficiency for addressing the SDG 7 targets as well as to meeting climate mitigation targets, and the policies in the countries facilitating energy efficiency.